from the July 19th, 1864 edition of The Detroit Advertiser and Tribune,
page 1, column 7.
21st Michigan Infantry
Chattanooga, Tenn., July 10, 1864
I remember to
have written you that the Fourth of July was upon us. A national salute from
a park of 100 guns opened the morning exercise, after which the dogs of war
on the mountain were all turned loose in answer to the muttering sounds ....
Byron’s Alps every Fort had found a tongue to ... honor to our national
Our affairs at
the front were all moving forward with great satisfaction while here were
determined to celebrate the Fourth the old-fashioned way as we do “up
North in God’s country,” –and once more enable the rebels
to see, feel, and appreciate the blessings of civil liberty, of which they
themselves once partook with us, but now had determined to cast from them
forever. Quite a number of citizens were present, some came purely from curiosity
and in all probability never saw the like before.
During the early
part of the day the invited guests from the Valley began to gather about
brigade headquarters’ and by 2 p.m. some three thousand were present,
and what a display of stairs, eagles, leaves and bars they made.
Some 50 ladies,
some of which had come from the North for the occasion, graced the celebration
with their presence. Their appearance on such an occasion reminds one of
a crop of young butterflies in the vicinity of a country schoolroom, where
no on seemed particular what bird he caught so that he got one, and when
his efforts were crowned with success, he was more puzzled to know what to
do with it than he was to catch it.
After the usual proceedings of the day had been disposed of, the meeting was
addressed by several able speakers. Lieut. Barton, of the 13th Michigan opened
the way, by reading the Declaration of our Independence, who was followed by
Col. Stanley, of the 18th Ohio, with the oration for the day. During the course
of their remarks many practical suggestions were made in reference to the Copperheads
of the North.
With this part
of the day’s proceedings finished we retired to the dining-room to
indulge in the fruits, meats, wines, prepared for the occasion at an expense
of some $1,500, all furnished from the abundance of the North. This part
of the programmed passed with great satisfaction, and the hall was cleared
for ht evening’s entertainment. A ball was in order, but the ladies,
were few, the one thing needful above all other in a ball-room. This part
of the bill this committee of arrangements had no power to fill, with a few
scattering exceptions. The evening soon passed away, all having a general
jovial good time. The orders of the day were made complete, and, by common
consent, the crowd was dispersed. Such is a brief sketch of the celebration
of our National Birthday on Lookout Mount, in the midst of rebeldom.
G. W. B.
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