TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT INFANTRY*

"God bless our nation's banner, long may it wave and dip;
We'll fly it while our life-blood runs - we 'don't give up the ship.'"

The 4th Congressional district was the field assigned to the 21st regiment, which had its rendezvous at Ionia, with the Hon. J. B. Welch as commandant of camp, and the counties of Barry, Ionia, Montcalm, Kent, Ottawa, Muskegon, Oceana, Newaygo, Mecosta, Mason, Manistee, Grand Traverse, Leelanaw, Manitou, Osceola, Emmet, Mackinac, Delta, and Cheboygan constituted the sections for recruiting, which commenced on the 15th of July, 1862, and on the 4th of September following the regiment was mustered into the service of the United States, with the following

FIELD AND STAFF.

Colonel, Ambrose A. Stevens, Saranac. Lieutenant Colonel, William L. Whipple, Detroit. Major, Isaac Hunting, Grand Haven. Surgeon, William B. Thomas, Ionia. Assistant Surgeon, John Avery, Otisco. Second Assistant Surgeon, Charles R. Perry, Lowell. Adjutant, Morris B. Wells, Ionia. Quartermaster, Martin P. Follett, Fair Plains. Chaplain, Theodore Pillsbury, Hastings.

The companies were mustered in under the following officers:

A. Captain, Francis P. Minier, Ionia. First Lieutenant, Allyn W. Kimball, Ionia. Second Lieutenant, John Morton, Ionia.
B. Captain, James Cavanaugh, Grand Rapids. First Lieutenant, Benton D. Fox, Lowell. Second Lieutenant, Albert G. Barr, Grand Rapids.
C. Captain, Leonard O. Fitzgerald, Hastings. First Lieutenant, Perry Chance, Hastings. Second Lieutenant, Marion A. Russell, Hastings.
D. Captain, Jacob Ferris, Ionia, First Lieutenant, James B. Roberts, Ionia. Second Lieutenant, James A. Knight, Greenville.
E. Captain, Alfred B. Turner, Grand Rapids. First Lieutenant, Edward Dunham, Grand Rapids. Second Lieutenant, Selden E. Turner, Hastings.
F. Captain, Elijah H. Crowell, Greenville. First Lieutenant, Robert Mooney, Greenville. Second Lieutenant, Eben R. Ellenwood, Greenville.
G. Captain, Harry C. Albee, Grand Haven. First Lieutenant, Edgar W. Smith, Grand Haven. Second Lieutenant, George W. Woodward, Wright.
H. Captain, Seymour Chase, Cannonsburg. First Lieutenant, Loomis K. Bishop, Cannonsburg. Second Lieutenant, Robert B. Robinson, Grand Rapids.
I. Captain, John A. Ellsworth, Saranac. First Lieutenant, Herman Hunt, Hastings. Second Lieutenant, James H. Truax, Hastings.
K. Captain, Herman Baroth, Ionia. First Lieutenant, Albert G. Russell, Hubbardston. Second Lieutenant, Eli E. Burritt, Ionia.

The regiment left its quarters at Ionia on the 12th of September in command of Colonel Stevens, 1,008 strong, under orders to report at Cincinnati. It was immediately pushed forward into Kentucky via Louisville, and became early engaged in the realities of war.
A beautiful silk flag was provided by the ladies of Ionia and delivered to the 21st Regiment on the 6th of September, 1862, at that city. The center of the flag was decorated with the American eagle, holding its quiver of arrows, olive branch, etc. Over this a small National flag, and beneath it the words "Union," "Constitution." An excellent speech was made by L. B. Soule, Esq., on behalf of the ladies, to which Colonel A. A. Stevens, commanding the regiment, appropriately replied. Afterwards speeches were made by Z. Chandler, T. W. Ferry, and F. W. Kellogg. At the same time there was presented a flag by the children of the Grand Haven Sunday-schools to Company G of the regiment.
The flag given the regiment was carried through all of its engagements, brought back to the State, and at a celebration on July 4th, 1865, was formally returned, on behalf of the regiment, to the ladies by the Hon. John Avery, of Greenville, the highest ranking officer of the regiment present, and was received on behalf of the ladies by the Hon. John B. Hutchins, of Ionia.
On the 1st of October following it broke camp at Louisville and entered upon a long march through Kentucky. On the 8th it bore an important part in the battle of Perryville, Buffering a loss of 24 wounded (1 mortally) and 3 missing, Colonel Stevens being among the wounded.
Following is a report of Colonel A. A. Stevens made to Colonel Nicholas Greusel, now a citizen of Iowa, for many years prior to the war a citizen of Detroit, and at an early day identified with military organizations in that city. At the time of making the report referred to he was colonel of the 36th Illinois, and commanding 37th brigade, 11th division, Army of the Ohio. While Colonel Greusel during his entire service was an honor to the State from which he held his commission, he at the same time reflected honor upon the State of Michigan, his early home, in which he had commenced his military career, and in which he had so long devoted himself to the building up of the military service of the State:

"At about 11 o'clock A. M. of the 8th instant your order was received to hasten forward with the rear of your brigade, consisting of the 21st Michigan, 88th Illinois, and 24th Wisconsin, cousin regiments, to where you were then engaged, some two miles distant. This order was promptly complied with, and upon arriving within one-quarter of a mile of your position we were halted by order of Major General Gilbert, where we remained for a few moments, when I received an order from Brigadier General Sheridan to support a section of Barnett's battery on a hill to the left. We remained in this position about one-half hour, when we were again ordered and led by General Sheridan in person to take position in line of battle upon the brow of the hill on the right of Hescock's battery, and in the rear and support of the 88th Illinois Infantry, who were then hotly engaged. While taking this position our right wing was brought under fire, and it was at this time our casualties occurred. After remaining for some time in this position we were ordered by yourself to form in line of battle in the cornfield upon the left of the turnpike and in rear of the 36th Illinois, where I again received your further instructions to move forward with the two regiments to the edge of the woods in front, deploy into line of battle on the 36th Illinois, and charge and take, if possible, a rebel battery which was then harassing our position.
"I had scarcely given the order to advance when I was again ordered to move to the rear in support of Barnett's battery. This movement was promptly executed, when we again received your order to take our position in line upon the hill to the left of Hescock's battery, where we remained until the close of the action. In conclusion, permit me to add that the coolness and bravery of both officers and men of this regiment during the engagement was truly commendable, and I humbly trust will merit your favorable consideration. Lieutenant Colonel Whipple, Major Hunting, and Adjutant Wells each filled their respective positions nobly, and rendered very efficient service upon the occasion."

From Perryville the regiment moved to Bowling Green, and on November 4th proceeded to Nashville, arriving there on the 12th and encamped, remaining there until the general advance of General Rosecrans on Murfreesboro. The 21st left Nashville on the 26th of December, with the army, in command of Lieutenant Colonel McCreery, and was engaged at Lavergne on the 27th, and at Stewart's creek on the 29th. It participated with Sill's brigade of Sheridan's division in the five days' battle at Stone River, sustaining a loss of 17 killed, 85 wounded, including Captain Leonard O. Fitzgerald, mortally, and 37 missing.

Special correspondence of the Detroit Advertiser and Tribune says:

"We have triumphed! In all probability the rebel cause is badly crippled, if not wholly defeated in the southwest. Five days of terrific battle have solved the problem! General Rosecrans's army commenced its march from the vicinity of Nashville, Tennessee, on the 26th ult., and with the exception of picket firing, nothing disturbed their steady march for that day. On the 27th a part of Sheridan's division drove a small force of rebels from their position at Nolinsville. Next morning we went on, driving them before us.
"We rested on the Sabbath, and early on Monday morning with renewed strength, we kept on our way to Murfreesboro. Sheridan's division was in the advance each day, and continued there until after the Wednesday's fight. On Tuesday, the 30th ult., the rebels made a stand in one of their chosen positions, about three miles from the town. After a brisk fight (mostly artillery) we drove them, and occupied their position as far as practicable during the night. The 21st regiment being in the front, of course was not allowed fires or tents, and indeed we found no use for them for a brisk musketry fire was kept up during the whole night. Early on Wednesday, the 31st, the battle opened with renewed vigor. The rebels had received large reinforcements during the night, and at daybreak rushed upon us with a vigor admirable even in rebels. A part of our division was at first repulsed; not, however, without making the rebels feel considerable Yankee powder and Yankee lead. The rebels attempted to surround us, but in this they were only partially successful, and finally, after several hours' extremely hard fighting they were repulsed. Thus, with various success, the fight raged all that day. Five days in all led on by the arch traitors in command, the rebel army fought the hosts of the Union.
"Five days the rebels fought, but all in vain. On Saturday night, the 3d inst., they made their final attack. Under the cover of the storm and darkness of that night, they thought to surprise us, but General Rosecrans, anticipating this, was prepared for them. He collected his batteries in a strong position, and concealed them behind a large body of troops. The rebels made a furious charge upon these, and our forces gave way to the batteries, when these grim dogs of war were let loose upon the rebels, and gnawed deep furrows with canister and grape, and shot and shell, They staggered and fled in dismay at the unexpected reception. At that moment a whole division of our forces charged upon them, and left us in undisputed possession of the field."

General Sheridan, in a portion of his report covering the operations of his division in that important engagement, says:

"The enemy appeared to be in strong force in a heavy cedar wood across an open valley in my front, and parallel to it - the cedar extending the whole length of the valley - varying from 200 to 400 yards.
"At 2 o'clock on the morning of the 31st, General Sill, who commanded my right brigade, reported great activity on the part of the enemy immediately in his front. This being the narrowest point in the valley, I was fearful that an attack might be made, and therefore directed two regiments from the reserve to report to General Sill, who placed them in position in very short supporting distance of his lines, At 4 o'clock the division was assembled under arms, and the cannoneers at their pieces. About fifteen minutes after 7 o'clock, the enemy advanced to the attack across the cotton field on Sill's front. This column was opened upon by Bush's battery, of Sill's brigade, which had a direct fire on its front, and by Hescock's and Houghtaling's batteries, which had an oblique fire on its front from a commanding position, near the center of my line; the effect of this fire upon the advancing column was terrible, The enemy, however, continued to move for- ward until he had reached nearly the edge of the timber, when he was opened upon by Sill's infantry, at a range of not over fifty yards. As this attacking force was massed several regiments deep, the destruction to it was great, for a short time it withstood the fire, then wavered, broke, and ran. Sill directed his troops to charge, which was gallantly responded to, and the enemy was driven back across the valley and behind his entrenchments. The brigade then fell back in good order and resumed its original lines. In this charge I had the misfortune to lose General Sill, who was killed."

The enemy soon rallied and advanced to the attack. General Sheridan, after making several movements with brigades of his division and with his artillery, intending to meet successfully the advancing enemy, and gallantly attacking at several points against immense odds without success, finally took a position on Negley's right and placed his batteries in position. General Sheridan further says:

"In this position I was immediately attacked, when one of the bitterest and most sanguinary contests of the whole day occurred. General Cheatham's division advanced on Robert's brigade, while heavy masses of the enemy, with three batteries of artillery over the open ground which I had occupied in the previous part of the engagement, at the same time opened fire from the entrenchments in the direction of Murfreesboro. The contest then became terrible. The enemy made three attacks and was three times repulsed, the artillery range of the respective batteries being not over two hundred yards. There was no sign of faltering with my men, the only cry being for more ammunition, which unfortunately could not be supplied on account of the discomfiture of the troops on the right of our wing, which allowed the enemy to come in and capture the ammunition train."

General Sheridan in specially mentioning by name various brigade, regimental, and battery commanders of his division, - one of whom was Lieutenant Colonel W. B. McCreery, 21st Michigan, - says:

"I refer with pride to the splendid conduct, bravery, and efficiency of the following regimental commanders and the officers and men of their respective commands."

Draper, in his history of the war, says:

"In the dawn of the last day of the year (1862), while Rosecrans's left was rapidly crossing Stone river to make its expected attack, Bragg with his left had already anticipated him. Coming out of a fog which had settled on the battlefield, he fell furiously upon Johnson's division, and so unexpectedly that two of its batteries were taken before a gun could be fired. The Confederate success was decisive. Johnson's division which was on the extreme national right was instantly swept away. Davis, who stood next, was assailed in front and on his uncovered flank. He made a stout resistance but the shock was too great; he was compelled to give way with the loss of many guns. And now the triumphant Confederate left, the center also coming into play, rushed upon the next division - but that was commanded by Sheridan.
"Rosecrans's aggressive movement was already paralyzed; nay, more, it had to be abandoned. He had to withdraw his left for the purpose of saving his right and defending his communications. He must establish a new line.
"The possibility of doing this - the fate of the battle - rested on Sheridan. He was furiously assailed in front by the Confederate division of Withers; on his flank, uncovered by the overthrow of Johnson and Davis, he was attacked by their victors. McCown and Cleburn. The front attack he received with such an artillery and musketry fire that the Confederates were not only checked and broken, but were pursued across the field to their entrenchments. Then by retiring his right and reserves, he swung his line around so as to come perpendicularly to its former direction. He faced now south instead of east and stood parallel to the Wilkinson turnpike. The Confederate division in front of him and greatly overlapping him in this, his new position, were at once held in check. Before they could advance to the Nashville roads and so seize Rosecrans's communications, Sheridan must be put out of the way.
"But it took an hour to do that. As his antagonists pressed on his flank he changed his front again. Pivoting on the right flank of Negley's division, he wheeled round his line so as to face to the west, thereby covering the rear of Negley's line. With Negley he was now forming a wedge. Here he withstood an impetuous attack of Cheatham's division and other heavy masses. All three of his brigade commanders had been killed, his ammunition train had been captured, he could not resist much longer, for the cartridge boxes of his men were empty. The time had come when even Sheridan must fall back. But it he had no powder he had steel. The fixed bayonets of his reserve brigade covered him, and he retired unconquered and unshaken out of the cedar thicket toward the Nashville road. In this memorable and most glorious resistance he had lost 1,630 men. 'Here's all that are left!' he said to Rosecrans whom he had saved and now met."

The American Conflict contains the following:

"McCook attempted to re-form in the woods behind his first position, but his right was too thoroughly routed, and was chased back rapidly towards our center. A large portion of this (Johnson's) division was gathered up as prisoners by the rebel cavalry; the rest was of little account during the remainder of the fight.
"McCook's remaining divisions, under Jeff. C. Davis and Sheridan, had repulsed several resolute attacks on their front, when the disappearance of Johnson's division enabled the rebels to come in on their flank, compelling them also to give ground, and, though repeated efforts were made by Davis and his subordinates to bring their men again up to the work, their fighting did not amount to much thereafter.
"Sheridan's division fought longer and better, but of his brigade commanders General I. W. Sill was killed early in the day, while leading a successful charge, and colonels Roberts and Schaeffer at later periods, each falling dead at the head of his brigade while charging or being charged. This division fought well throughout, but was pushed back nearly or quite to the Nashville turnpike, with the loss of Houghtaling's and a section of Bush's batteries."

The regiment, in command of Colonel McCreery, Colonel Stevens having resigned on account of ill health, remained at Murfreesboro, employed on picket duty and as guard for forage trains, until June 24th, 1863, when it advanced with the army on Tullahoma. During July it was stationed at Cowan and Anderson Station, on the Nashville and Cumberland railroad. Subsequently it occupied Bridgeport, under General Lytle, who commanded the brigade to which the 21st was attached. September 2d the regiment crossed the Tennessee, and advanced with the corps of Major General McCook to Trenton, Ga., from whence it crossed the mountains to Alpine, 30 miles from Rome; thence made a forced march toward Chattanooga, between the mountain ranges, and came into line of battle at Chickamauga September 19th. The following day the regiment participated in the battle of Chickamauga, sustaining a loss of 11 killed, 58 wounded, 35 missing, 3 prisoners. Of the missing, 21 were known to be wounded. Lieutenant Colonel M. B. Wells was among the killed, and Captain Edgar W. Smith, being mortally wounded, died October 13th following, while Colonel McCreery, commanding the regiment, was severely wounded and taken prisoner. In this engagement the regiment belonged to the same brigade as at Stone River, and then commanded by General Lytle, was serving in Sheridan's division of the 4th corps. On September 20th, while the division was advancing to the support of General Thomas, it became heavily engaged, and captured prisoners from four different rebel divisions. The 21st was in the hottest of the fight, behaved with great courage, never yielding except when overcome by immense odds, but after a brave but fruitless effort against a perfect torrent of the enemy was compelled to give way.

In General Sheridan's report is found the following extracts:

"On the morning of September 20th I rearranged my lines and formed myself in a strong position on the extreme right, to which I had been assigned, but which was disconnected from the troops on my left.
"At about 9 o'clock the engagement again opened by a heavy assault upon the left of the army, while everything was quiet in my front. To resist the assault that was being made on the left the Interior divisions were again moved. * * * * *
"Immediately afterwards I received orders to support General Thomas with two brigades, and had just abandoned my position and was moving at double-quick to carry out the order when the enemy made a furious assault with overwhelming numbers on Davis's front, and coming up through the unoccupied space between Davis and myself, even covering the front of the position I had just abandoned, Davis was driven from his lines, and Laiboldt, whose brigade was in column of regiments, was ordered by Major General McCook to charge, deploying in front. The impetuosity of the enemy's charge, together with the inability of Laiboldt's command to fire in consequence of the ground in his front being covered with the men of Davis's division, who were rushing through his ranks, caused this brigade also to break and fall to the rear. In the meantime I had received the most urgent orders to throw in my other two brigades. This I did at a double-quick, forming the brigade of General Lytle - composed of the 36th and 88th Illinois, 24th Wisconsin, and 21st Michigan - and Colonel Bradley's brigade, now commanded by Colonel W. H. Walworth, to the front, under a terrible fire of musketry from the enemy. Many of the men were shot down before facing to the front. After a stubborn resistance the enemy drove me back nearly to the Lafayette road, a distance of about 300 yards. At this point the men again rallied, drove the enemy back with terrible slaughter, and regained the line of the ridge on which Colonel Laiboldt had originally been posted. In this charge we took a number of prisoners, and the 51st Illinois captured the colors of the 24th Alabama.
"Here, unfortunately, the enemy had strong supports, while I had none to relieve my exhausted men, and my troops were again driven back to the Lafayette road, after a gallant resistance. In this engagement I had the misfortune to lose General Lytle, commanding my first brigade, and many of the best and bravest officers of my command."

Among the names of the officers mentioned by General Sheridan as specially distinguished are Colonel W. B. McCreery (wounded and taken prisoner) and Lieutenant Colonel Morris B. Wells (killed), 21st Michigan.
The American Cyclopedia, 1863, has the following:

"The battle was finally opened about 9.30 A. M. by a forward movement of General Breckenridge, accompanied by General Cleburn, against the left and center of General Rosecrans. Division after division was pushed forward to assist the attacking masses of the enemy, but without success. The ground was held by General Thomas for more than two hours. Meantime, as General Reynolds was sorely pressed, General Wood was ordered, as he supposed, to march instantly by the left flank, pass General Brannan, and go to the relief of General Reynolds, and that Generals Davis and Sheridan were to shift over to the left and close up the line. General Rosecrans reports that the order was to close up on General Reynolds. General Wood says that General Brannan was in line between his and General Reynolds's division.
"A gap was thus formed in the line of battle of which the enemy took advantage, and striking General Davis in his flank and rear, threw his whole division into confusion. Passing through this break in General Rosecrans's line, the enemy cut off his right and center, and attacked General Sheridan's division, which was advancing to the support of the left. After a brave but fruitless effort against this torrent of the enemy he was compelled to give way, but afterwards rallied a considerable portion of his force, and by a circuitous route joined General Thomas, who had now to breast the tide of battle against the whole army of the enemy. The right and part of the center had been completely broken, and fled in confusion from the field, carrying with them to Chattanooga their commanders, Generals McCook and Crittenden, and also General Rosecrans, who was on that part of the line."

After the battle of Chickamauga the regiment, in command of Lieutenant Colonel S. K. Bishop, was detached from its brigade by order of General Thomas, and was placed under General Smith, Chief Engineer of the Department, and performed duty as engineer troops, forming part of Engineer Brigade, and was on that duty during the engagement of Mission Ridge. It was stationed, until the 11th of June, 1864, on the north side of the Tennessee River, near Chattanooga, and was employed in building a bridge over the river, and in the erection of storehouses in Chattanooga. At the above date the regiment was ordered to Lookout Mountain, where it was engaged in building hospitals, running mills, and in the performance of the usual picket duty, until the 20th of September following, when it was relieved from further duty with the Engineer Corps. On the 27th of September the regiment left Lookout Mountain for Tullahoma, thence it proceeded to Nashville. Joining the forces under General Rosseau, it participated with them in the pursuit of the rebels under General Forrest, beyond Florence, Ala., returning to Florence on the 11th of October. On the 14th, the regiment was ordered to Chattanooga, and on the 18th to proceed to and garrison Dalton, Ga. On the 30th of October, the regiment was relieved at Dalton, and was ordered to join its corps. During the year it had traveled between 480 and 500 miles.

On November 1st, 1864, the 21st, then in command of Colonel Bishop, was at Dalton, Ga., where it received orders to march to Kingston and join the 14th army corps, and on arriving there was assigned to the 2d brigade, 1st division, when it started for Atlanta, and on the march assisted in tearing up the railroad track and destroying everything in its rear, reaching that point on the 15th, and on the following day after the destruction of that place, moved with General Sherman's army towards Milledgeville, arriving there on the 22d, and then took up a line of march in the direction of Augusta, and on reaching within about forty miles of that point, turned directly south towards Savannah, and arrived at the works in front of that place on the 10th of December, and there relieved a part of the 20th army corps, which held a portion of the works on the south side of the canal, being the most exposed position on the whole line. There the men being obliged to stay in the trenches, without tents and lightly clad, few of them having blankets, suffered extremely from cold, and also from hunger, as their rations were short. The regiment continued in that position until the 15th, when it moved back north of the canal, and remained there until the evacuation of Savannah on the 21st, and then encamped about three-fourths of a mile from the city. During the 25 days occupied on the march from Atlanta, only two and a half days' rations had been issued to the regiment, it being mainly supplied with subsistence procured by foraging on the inhabitants of the country through which it passed. The regiment remained at Savannah, refitting, reclothing the men, and getting ready for the campaign through the Carolinas, until the 20th of January, 1865 following, when in command of Captain A. C. Prince, it marched up along the Savannah river to Sister's Ferry, where it lay until the 5th of February, then crossed into South Carolina, still continuing the movement in the vicinity of the river until nearly opposite Columbia, when a direction was taken towards that point, and on arriving there turned to the left, crossed the Black and Saluda rivers, and struck the railroad at Winnsboro, where it assisted in destroying the track as far north as Blackstock Station; then changing the direction eastward, crossed the Great and Little Pedee rivers about eight miles north of Cheraw, then crossed the Wateree at Rocky Mountain, on pontoons made from wagon boxes covered with tent flies and canvas, the high water having carried away the pontoon bridge. While crossing, the brigade, being the rear guard, was much annoyed by the enemy's cavalry, but succeeded in getting over the entire corps' train, when the march was resumed in the direction of Fayetteville, N. C. Reaching there, Cape Fear river was crossed on the 13th of March, and moving forward, met the enemy at Averysboro on the 16th, and after a severe engagement he retreated during the night; continuing the march, again encountering the enemy at Bentonville, on the 19th, where the regiment became heavily engaged, losing six officers and eighty-six men, killed and wounded, out of 230, and after the retreat of the enemy from that point the march was resumed, and crossing the Neuse river, arrived at Goldsboro on the 25th, after a march of sixty-four days from Savannah, during which time only twelve days' rations had been issued to the regiment, the main supply having been obtained by foraging on the country on the line of march. The regiment remained in camp near Goldsboro until April 11th, when again in command of Colonel Bishop, a movement was commenced in the direction of Raleigh. Reaching there on the 14th, it then marched to Haywood, on Cape Fear river, where it remained until the surrender of Johnston's army, when the regiment, with its division and corps, started for Richmond, in company with the 20th corps. The two corps being destined for the same point, entered on a friendly race, which resulted in the 1st division, 14th corps, in which was the 21st Michigan, reaching that point ahead of any other troops, marching 280 miles in less than eight days. From Richmond the march was continued to Washington, D. C., where the regiment participated in the review of General Sherman's army on the 24th of May, and on the 8th of January was mustered out of service, when it proceeded to Michigan, arriving at Detroit on the 13th, and on the 22d was paid off and disbanded.

The 21st participated in encounters with the enemy at Perryville, Ky., October 8, 1862; Lavergne, Tenn., December 27, 1862; Stewart's Creek, Tenn., December 29, 1862; Stone River, Tenn., December 29, 31, 1862, and January 1, 2, and 3, 1863; Tullahoma, Tenn., June 24, 1863; Elk River, Tenn., July 1, 1863; Chickamauga, Ga., September 19, 20, and 21, 1863; Chattanooga, Tenn., October 6, 1863; Brown's Ferry, Tenn., October 27, 1863; Mission Ridge, Tenn., November 26, 1863; Savannah, Ga., December 11, 18, 20, and 21, 1864; Averysboro, N. C., March 16, 1865; Bentonville, N. C., March 19, 11, 1865.

The reports of the regiment show a membership of 1,477 officers and men, while its losses were 1 officer and 40 men killed in action, 2 officers and 31 men died of wounds, 3 officers and 291 men of disease, being 368 of a total.

NOTE. - Colonel McCreery was severely wounded and taken prisoner at Chickamauga, September 20th, 1863. He was taken to Richmond and confined in Libby Prison, where, with others, he engaged in digging the celebrated tunnel through which he made his escape on February 9th following. On reaching the union lines he telegraphed his father as follows:


FORT MAGRUDER, Va., Feb. 15th, 1864.

To RUBEN McCREERY, Flint, Mich.:
I have made escape from "Hell" (Libby Prison), and am again in God's country, - will be home soon.

WM. B. McCREERY,
Colonel 21st Michigan Infantry.


*(From Michigan In the War, compiled by John Robertson, Adjutant General; W. S. George & Co., Lansing, 1882; pp. 412-419)

 

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