Twenty- First Michigan*
Twenty-first was recruited in the Fourth. Congressional District and was
mustered into service Sept. 4, 1862, with an enrollment of 1,000 officers
field, staff and line officers at organization were as follows:
Ambrose A. Stevens, Saranac. Lieutenant Colonel, William L. Whipple, Detroit.
Major, Isaac Hunting, Grand Haven. Surgeon, William B. Thomas, Ionia. Assistant
Surgeon, John Avery, Otisco. Second Assistant Surgeon, Charles R. Perry,
Lowell. Adjutant, Morris B. Wells, Ionia. Quartermaster, Martin P. Follett,
Fair Plains. Chaplain, Theodore Pillsbury, Hastings.
Francis P. Minier, Tonia. First Lieutenant, Allyn W. Kimball, Ionia.
Second Lieutenant, John Morton, Ionia.
James Cavanaugh, Grand Rapids. First Lieutenant, Benton D. Fox, Lowell. Second
Lieutenant, Albert G. Barr. Grand Rapids.
Leonard O. Fitzgerald, Hastings. First Lieutenant, Perry Chance, Hastings.
Second Lieutenant, Marion C. Russell, Hastings.
Jacob Ferris, Ionia. First Lieutenant, James B. Roberts. Ionia. Second Lieutenant,
James A. Knight, Greenville.
Alfred B. Turner, Grand Rapids. First Lieutenant, Edward 'Dunham. Grand Rapids.
Second Lieutenant, Selden E. Turner, Hastings.
Elijah H. Crowell, Greenville. First Lieutenant, Robert Mooney, Greenville.
Second Lieutenant, Eben R. Ellenwood, Greenville.
Harry C. Albee, Grand Haven. First Lieutenant, Edgar W. Smith. Grand Haven,
Second Lieutenant, George V. Woodward, Wright.
Seynour Chase. Cannonsburg. First Lieutenant, Loomis K. Bishop. Cannonsburg.
Second Lieutenant, Robert B. Robinson. Grand Rapids.
John A. Ellsworth, Saranac. First Lieutenant, Herman Hunt, Hastings. Second
Lieutenant, James H. Truax. Hastings.
Herman Baroth, Ionia. First Lieutenant, Albert G. Russell, Hubbardston
Second Lieutenant, Eli E. Burritt, Ionia.
regiment was rendezvoused at Ionia and it left that place for Cincinnati,
Ohio, the 12th of September, and upon arrival proceeded to Louisville,
Ky. It was soon to experience the realities of war, for the 8th of October
it served in Sheridan's division at the battle of Perryville, and, though
newly organized, received flattering notice from the commanding general for
its splendid deportment in this hard fought engagement.
the battle of Perryville the Twenty-first joined General Rosecrans'
army at Nashville for a forward movement upon Murfreesboro. Sheridan's division,
having the advance, came in contact with the enemy at Lavergne and Stewart's
Creek and skirmished heavily with him until he made his stand at Stone River.
division to which the Twenty-first belonged was on the right of the Union
line, which was crushed by the savage onslaught of the enemy and driven back
to the Nashville pike. Sheridan's men were wherever the fighting was the
fiercest. For hours the fate of the battle rested upon him and his division,
which fought with reckless daring, being compelled to, change front under
fire several times, but always maintaining a compact body and only yielding
ground after other troops had retired and his ammunition exhausted.
His men were assailed in front and in flank, his three brigade commanders
were killed, but he brought his forces from the field in good order, ready
to renew the conflict when, supplied with ammunition. In the five days' fighting
in front of Stone River the Twenty-first lost 17 killed, 89 wounded and 37
Stevens resigned Feb. 3, 1863, on account of ill health, and William B. McCreery,
who had formerly served in the First Infantry, was commissioned Colonel of
the Twenty-first, the same date of the resignation of Colonel Stevens.
June and July, 1863, the regiment it was at Tullahoma, Cowan and Anderson
Station and occupying Bridgeport. Ala., where the brigade was commanded by
Twenty-first was in General McCook's corps and was engaged at Chickamauga,
Ga., in one of the most desperate battles of the war. General Sheridan's
division was on the right of the line when General Longstreet made his fierce
assault, and the Twenty-first was where the battle raged fiercest. The Union
troops were cut to pieces by the terrific fire of the enemy, and with their
ranks broken, General Lytle killed, they slowly fell back a few hundred yards,
but did not lose their organization, as did other troops on that part of
the line. Colonel McCreery was severely wounded and fell in the hands of
the enemy and the regiment lost heavily in killed and wounded during the
three days of carnage. The Twenty-first was specially complimented by General
Sheridan for the splendid work it did during the battle.
the battle of Chickamauga the regiment was placed in the Engineer Corps
and was diligently at work during the summer, building bridges and hospital
buildings around Chattanooga, and in November, under command of Colonel
Bishop, joined the Fourteenth Corps at Kingston, Ga., and proceeded to Atlanta.
regiment marched with its corps from Atlanta to Savannah, where it arrived
the 10th of December.
the fall of Savannah the Twenty-first started on its long march through South
and North Carolina, and reached Bentonville, N. C., where, it suffered severely
in an attack upon the enemy's works March 19. It fought with its usual gallantry,
but this was the last severe engagement, the regiment was called upon to
take part in. Upon the retreat of the enemy from Bentonville the Twenty-first
marched to Raleigh, and when General Johnson surrendered to General Sherman
the Twenty-first, with the balance of the Fourteenth Corps, marched to Richmond,
Va., and then to Washington, D. C., where it took part in the grand review
regiment was mustered out of service June 8 and was paid off and disbanded
at Detroit, Mich., June 22, 1865.
Twenty-first participated in encounters with the enemy at Perryville, Ky.,
Oct. 8, 1862; Lavergne, Tenn., Dee. 27, 1862; Stewart's Creek, Tenn., Dec.
29, 1862; Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 29, 31, 1862, and Jan. 1, 2, and
3, 1863; Tullahoma, Tenn., June 24, 1863; Elk River, Tenn., July 1, 1863;
Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, 20 and 21, 1863; Chattanooga. Tenn., Oct. 6,
1863; Brown's Ferry, Tenn., Oct. 27, 1863; Mission Ridge, Tenn., Nov. 26,
1863; Savannah, Ga., Dec. 11, 18, 20, and 21, 1864; Averysboro, N. C., March
16, 1865; Bentonville, N. C., March 19, 1865.
on steamer Sultana.......................1
of wounds........................ 29
in confederate prisons.....................4
for disability (wounds and disease)............198
Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War, Volume 21
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