187. The recruits being at shoulder arms, when the instructor Shall wish to fix bayonets, he will command :

Fix- BAYONET.

One time and three motions.

188. (First motion.) Grasp the piece with the left hand at the hight of the shoulder, and detach it slightly from the shoulder with the right hand.

189. (Second motion.) Quit the piece with the right hand, lower it with the left band, opposite the middle of the body, and place the butt between the feet without shock ; the rammer to the rear, the barrel vertical, the muzzle three inches from the body; seize it with the right hand at the upper band, and carry the left band reversed to the handle of the sabre-bayonet.

190. (Third motion.) Draw the sabre-bayonet from the scabbard and fix it on the extremity of the barrel; seize the piece with the left hand, the arm extended, the right band at the upper band.

Shoulder- ARMS.

One time and two motions.

191. (First motion.) Raise the piece with the left hand and place it against the right shoulder, the rammer to the front; seize the piece at the same time with the right hand at the swell of the stock, the thumb and fore-finger embracing the guard, the right arm nearly extended.

192. (Second motion.) Drop briskly the left hand by the side.

Charge- BAYONET.soldier at charge bayonet

One time and two motions.

 193. (First motion.) Raise the piece slightly with the right hand and make a half face to the right on the left heel; place the hollow of the right foot opposite to, and three inches from the left heel, the feet square; seize the piece at the Same time with the left hand a little above the lower band.

194. (Second motion.) Bring down the piece with both bands, the barrel uppermost, the left elbow against the body; Seize the small of the stock, at the same time, with the right hand, which will be supported against the hip; the point of the sabre-bayonet as high as the eye.

Shoulder- ARMS.

One time and two motions.

195. (First motion.) Throw up the piece briskly with the left hand in facing to the front, place it against the right shoulder, the rammer to the front; turn the right hand so as to embrace the guard, Slide the left band to the hight of the shoulder, the right band nearly extended.

196. (Second motion.) Drop the left band smartly by the side.

Trail- ARMS

One time and two motions.

197. (First motion.) The same as the first motion of order arm.

198. (Second motion.) Incline the muzzle slightly to the front, the butt to the rear and about four inches from the ground. The right hand Supported at the hip, will so hold the piece that the rear rank men may not touch with their bayonets the men in the front rank.

Shoulder- ARMS.

199. At the command shoulder, raise the piece perpendicularly in the right hand, the little finger in rear of the barrel; at the command arms, execute what has been proscribed for the shoulder from the position of order arms.

soldier at unfix bayonetUnfix- BAYONET.

One time and three motions.

200. (First and second motions.) The same its the first and second motions of fix bayonet, except that, at the end of the second command, the thumb of the right hand will be placed on. the spring of the sabre-bayonet, and the left hand will embrace the handler of the sabre-bayonet and the barrel, the thumb extended along the blade.

201. (Third motion.) Press the thumb of the right hand on the spring, wrest off the sabre-bayonet, turn it to the right, the edge .to the front, lower the guard until it touches the right hand, which will seize the back and the edge of the blade between the thumb and first two fingers, the other fingers holding the piece; change the position of the hand without quitting the handle, return the sabre-bayonet to the scabbard, and seize the piece with the left hand, the arm extended.

Shoulder- ARMS.

One time and two motions.

202. (First  motion.) The same as the first motion from fix bayonet, No. 191.

203. (Second motion.) The same as the second motion from fix bayonet, No. 192.

Secure- ARMS.

One time and three motions.

soldier at secure arms204. (First motion.) The same as the first motion of support arms, No. 133, except with the right hand seize the piece at the small of the stock.

205. (Second motion.) Turn the piece with both hands, the barrel to the front; bring it opposite the left shoulder, the butt in the hip, the left hand at the lower band, the thumb as high the chin and extended on the rammer; the piece erect and detached from the shoulder, the left fore-arm against the piece.

206. (Third motion.) Reverse the piece, pass it under the left arm, the left hand remaining at the lower band, the thumb on the rammer to prevent it from sliding out, the little finger resting against the hip, the right hand falling at the same time by the side.

Shoulder- ARMS.

One time and three motions.

207. (First motion.) Raise the piece with the left band, and seize it with the right. hand at the small of the stock. The piece erect and detached from the shoulder, the butt against the hip, the left fore-arm along the piece.

208. (Second motion.) The same as the second motion of shoulder arms from. a support.

209. (Third motion.) The same as the third motion of shoulder arms from a support.

Right shoulder shift- ARMS.

One time and two motions.

210. (First motion.) Detach the piece perpendicularly from the shoulder with the right band, and seize it with the left between the lower band and guide-sight, raise the piece, the left hand at the bight of the shoulder and four inches from it; place, at the same time, the right hand on the butt, the beak between the first two fingers, the other two fingers under the butt plate.

211. (Second motion.) Quit the piece with the left hand, raise and place the piece on the right shoulder with the right hand, the look plate upwards; let fall, at the same time, the left hand by the aide.

Shoulder- ARMS.

One time and two motions.

212, (First motion.) Raise the piece perpendicularly by extending the right arm to its full length, the rammer to the front, at the same time seize the piece with the left hand between the lower band and guide sight.

solder at right sholder shift213. (Second motion.) Quit the butt with the right hand, which will immediately embrace the guard, lower the piece to the position of shoulder arms, slide up the left hand to the hight of the shoulder, the fingers extended and closed. Drop the left hand by the side.

214. The men being at Support arms, the instructor will sometimes cause pieces to be brought to the right Shoulder. To this effect, he will command:

Right shoulder shift- ARMS.

One time and two motions.

215. (First motion.) Seize the piece with the right hand, below and near the left fore-arm, place the left hand under the butt, the heel of the butt between the first two fingers.

216. (Second motion.) Turn the piece with the left hand the lock plate upwards, carry it to the right shoulder, the left hand still holding the butt, the muzzle elevated; hold the piece in this position and-place the right hand upon the butt as is prescribed No. 210, and let fall the left hand by the side.

Support- ARMS.

One time and two motions.

217. (First motion.) The same as the first motion of shoulder arms, No. 212.

218. (Second motion.) Turn the piece with both hands, the barrel to the front, carry it opposite the Lift shoulder, slip the right hand to the small of the stock, place the left fore-arm extended on the breast as is prescribed No. 134, and lot fall the right hand by the Side.

Arms- AT WILL.

One time and one motion.

219. At this command, carry the piece at pleasure on either shoulder, with one or both bands, the muzzle elevated.

Shoulder-ARMS.

One time and one motion.

220. At this command, retake quickly the position of shoulder arms.

221. The recruits being at ordered arms, when the instructor shall wish to cause the pieces to be placed on the ground, be will command

Ground- ARMS.

solder at ground armsOne time and two motions

222. (First motion.) Turn the piece with the right hand, the barrel to the left; at the same time seize the cartridge box with the left hand, bend the body, advance the left foot, the heel opposite the lower band ; lay the piece on the ground with the right hand, the toe of the butt on a line with the right toe, the knees slightly bent, the right heel raised.

223. (Second motion.) Rise up, bring the left foot by the side of the right, quit the cartridge box with the left hand, and drop the hands by the side.

Raise-ARMS

One time and two motions.

224. (First motion.) Seize the cartridge box with the left hand, bend the body, advance the left foot opposite the lower band, and seize the piece with the right hand.

225. (Second motion.) Raise the piece., bringing the left foot by the side of the right; turn the piece with the right hand, the rammer to the front; at the same time quit the cartridge box with the left hand, and drop this hand by the side.

 

Inspection of Arms.

226. The recruits being at ordered arms, and having the sabre-bayonet in the scabbard, if the instructor wishes to cause an inspection of arms he. will command:

Inspection-ARMS.

One time and two motions.

227. (First motion.) Seize the piece with the left band below and near the upper band, carry it with both bands opposite the middle of the body, the butt between the feet, the rammer to the rear, the barrel vertical, the muzzle about three inches from the body; carry the left hand reversed to the sabre bayonet, draw it from the scabbard and fix it on the barrel; grasp the piece with the left hand below and near the upper band, seize the rammer with the thumb and fore-finger of the right band bent, the other fingers closed.

228. (Second motion.) Draw the rammer as has been explained in loading, and let it glide to the bottom of the bore, replace the piece with the left hand opposite the right shoulder, and retake the position of ordered arms.

229. The instructor will then inspect in succession the piece of each recruit, in passing along the front of the rank. Each, as the instructor reaches him, will raise smartly his piece with his right hand, seize it with the left between the lower band and guide sight, the lock to the front, the left hand at the hight of the chin, the piece opposite to the left eye; the instructor will take it with the right hand at the handle, and, after :inspecting it, will return it to the recruit, who will receive it back with the right hand, and replace it in the position of ordered arms.

230. When the instructor shall have passed him, each recruit will retake the position proscribed at the command inspection arms, return the rammer, and resume the position of ordered arms.

231. If, instead of inspection of arms, the instructor should merely wish to calls - bayonets to he fixed, he will command

Fix-BAYONET.

232. Take the position indicated in No. 227, fix bayonets as has been explained, and immediately resume the position of ordered arms.

233. If it be the wish of the instructor, after firing, to ascertain whether the pieces have been discharged, he will command:

Spring-RAMMERS.

234. Put the rammer in the barrel as has been explained above, and immediately retake the position of ordered arms.

235. The instructor, for the purpose stated, can take the rammer by the, small end, and spring it in the barrel, or cause each recruit to make it ring in the barrel.

236. Each recruit, after the instructor passes him, will return rammer and resume the position of ordered arms.

Remarks on the Manual of Arms.

237. The manual of arms frequently distorts the persons of recruits before they acquire case and confidence in the several positions. The instructor will therefore frequently recur to elementary principles in the course of the lessons.

238. Recruits are also extremely liable to curve the sides and back, and to derange the shoulders, especially in loading. Consequently the instructor will not cause them to dwell too !on(, at a time in one position.

239. When, after some days of exercise in the manual of arms, the four men shall be well established in their use, the instructor will always terminate the lesson by marching the men for some time in one rank, and at one pace apart, in common and quick time, in order to confirm them more and more in the mechanism of the step; he will also teach them to mark time and to change step; which will be executed in the following manner:

To mark time.

240. The four men marching in the direct step, the instructor will command:

1. Mark time. 2. MARCH.

241. At the second command, which will be given at the instant a foot is coming to the ground, the recruits will make a semblance of marching, by bringing the heels by the side of each other, and observing the cadence of the step, by raising each foot alternately without advancing.

242. The instructor wishing the direct step to be resumed will command

1. Forward. . 2. MARCH.

243. At the second command, which will be given as proscribed above, the recruits will retake the step of twenty-eight inches,

To change step.

244. The squad being in march, the instructor will command:

1. Change step. 2. MARCH.

245. At the second command, which will be given at the instant either foot is coming to the ground, bring the foot -which is in rear by the side of that which is in front, and step off again with the foot which was in front.

To march backwards.

246. The instructor wishing the squad to march backwards, will command:

1. Squad backward 2. MARCH.

247. At the second command, the recruits will stop off smartly with the left foot fourteen inches to the rear, reckoning from heel to heel, and so on with the feet in succession till the command halt, which will always be preceded by the caution squad. The men will halt at this command, and bring back the foot in front by We side of the other.

248. This step will always be executed in quick time.

249. The instructor will be watchful that the recruits March straight to the rear, and that the erect position of the body and the piece be not deranged.

LESSON III.-To load in four times.

250. The object of this lesson is to prepare the recruits to load at will, and to cause them to distinguish the times which require the greatest regularity and attention, such as charge cartridge, ram cartridge and prime. It will be divided as follows:

251. The first time will be executed at the end of the command; the three others at the commands, two, three and four.

The instructor will command:

1. Load in four times. 2. LOAD.

252. Execute the times to include charge cartridge.

TWO.

253. Execute the times to include ram cartridge.

THREE.

254. Execute the times to include prime.

FOUR.

255. Execute the time of shoulder arms.

To load at will.

256, The instructor will next teach loading at will, which will be executed as loading in four times, but continued, and without rooting on either of the times. He will command:

1. Load at will. 2. LOAD

257. The instructor will habituate the. recruits, by degrees, to load with the greatest possible promptitude, each without regulating himself by his neighbor, and above all without waiting for him

258. The cadence prescribed No. 129, is not applicable to loading in four times, or at will.

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