LESSON IV

259. The firings are direct or oblique, and will be executed as follows:

The direct fire.

260. The instructor will give the following commands:

1. Fire by squad 2. Squad. 3. READY. 4. AIM. 5. FIRE

6. LOAD.

261. These, several commands will be executed as has been proscribed in the Manual of ' I' Arms At the third command the men will come to the Position of ready as heretofore explained. At the fourth they will aim according to the rank in which each may find himself placed, the rear rank men inclining forward a little the upper part of the body. in order that their pieces may reach its much beyond the front rank as possible.

262. At the Sixth command they will load their pieces and return immediately to the position of ready.

263. The Instructor will recommence the firing by the command:

1. Squad. 2. AIM. 3. FIRE  4. LOAD.

264. When the instructor wishes the firing to cease he will command

Cease firing. -

265. At this command the men will cease firing but will load their pieces if unloaded, and afterwards bring them to a shoulder.

Oblique firings.

266. The oblique. firings will be executed to the right and left, and by the same commands as the direct fire, with this single difference - the command aim will always be preceded by the caution, right or left oblique.

Position of the two ranks in the Oblique Fire to the right.

267. At the command ready, the two ranks will execute what has been prescribed for the direct fire.

268. At the cautionary command, right oblique, the two ranks will throw back the right shoulder and look steadily at the object to be hit.

269. At the command, aim, each front rank man will aim to the right without deranging the feet; each rear rank man will advance the left foot about eight inches toward the right heel of the man next on the right of his file leader and aim to the right, in inclining the upper part of the body forward and bending a little the left knee.

Position of the two ranks in the Oblique Fire to the left.

270. At the cautionary command, left oblique, the two ranks will throw back the left shoulder and look steadily at the object to be hit.

271. At the command, aim, the front rank will take aim to the left without deranging the feet; each man in the rear will advance the right foot about eight inches toward the right heel of the man next on the right of his file leader, and aim to the left, inclining the upper part of the body forward and bending a little the right knee,

272. In both cases, at the command, load, the men of each rank will come to the position of load as prescribed in the direct fire; the rear rank men bringing back. the foot which is to the right and front by the side of the other.

Each man will continue to load as if isolated.

To fire by file

273. The fire by file will be executed by the two ranks, the files of which will fire successively, and without regulating on each other, except for the first fire.

274. The instructor will command:

1. Fire by file. 2. Squad. 3. READY 4. COMMENCE FIRING.

275. At the third command, the two ranks will take the position prescribed in the direct fire.

276. At the fourth command, the file on the right will aim and fire; the rear rank man in aiming will take the position indicated No. 176.

277. The men of this file will load their pieces briskly and fire a second time; reload and fire again, and so on in continuation.

278. The second file will aim at the instant the first brings down pieces to reload, and will conform in all respects to that which has just been prescribed for the first file.

279. After the first fire, the front and rear rank men will not be required to fire at the same time

280. Each man, after loading, will return to the position of I ready, and continue the -fire.

281. When the instructor wishes the fire to cease, he will command:

Cease-FIRING.

282. At this command, the men will cease firing. If they have fired they will load their pieces and bring them to a shoulder; if at the position of ready, they will half-cock and Shoulder arms. If in the position of aim, they will bring down their pieces, half-cock, and shoulder arms,

To fire by rank.

283. The fire by rank will be executed by each entire rank, alternately

284. Re instructor will command:

1. Fire by rank, 2. Squad. 3. READY. 4. Rear rank, 5. AIM

6. FIRE. 7. LOAD.

285. At the third command, the two ranks will take the position of ready, as prescribed in the direct fire.

286. At the seventh command, the rear rank will execute that which has been prescribed in the direct fire, and afterwards take the position of ready.

287. As soon as the instructor sees several men of the rear rank in the position of ready, he will command:

1. Front Rank. 2. AIM. 3. FIRE. 4. LOAD.

288. At these commands, the men in the front rank will execute what has been prescribed for the rear rank, but they will not Step off with right foot.

289. The instructor will recommence the firing by the rear rank, and will thus continue to alternate from rank to rank, until he shall wish the firing to cease, when he will command, cease firing, which will be executed as heretofore prescribed.

LESSON V.- To fire and load kneeling.

290. In this exercise the squad will be supposed loaded and drawn up in one rank.' The instruction will be given to each man individually, without times or motions, and in the following manner.

291. The instructor will command:

FIRE AND LOAD KNEELING,

soldier kneeling and firing292. At this command, the man on the right of the squad will move forward three paces ' and halt; then carry the right foot to the rear and to the right of the left heel, and in a position convenient for placing the right knee upon the ground in bending the left log; place the right knee upon the ground ; lower the piece, the left fore-arm Supported upon the thigh on the same side, the right hand on the small of the stock, the butt resting on the right thigh, the left hand supporting the piece near the lower hand.

293. he will next move the right log to the left around the knee supported on the ground, until this leg is nearly perpendicular to the direction of the left foot, and thus seat himself, comfortably on the right heel,

294. Raise the piece with the right hand and support it with the left holding -it near the lower band, the left elbow resting on the left thigh near the knee ; seize. the hammer with the thumb, the fore-finger under the guard, cock and seize the piece at the small of the stock; bring the piece to the shoulder, aim and fire.

295. Bring the piece. down as soon as it is fired, and support it with the left hand, the butt resting against the right thigh ; carry the piece to the rear rising on the knee, the barrel downwards, the butt resting on the ground - in this position support the piece with the left hand at the upper band draw cartridge with the right and load the piece, ramming the ball, if necessary, with both hands.

296. When loaded bring the piece to the front with the left hand, which holds it at the upper band; seize it at the same time with the right hand at the small of the stock; turn. the piece, the barrel uppermost and nearly horizontal, the left elbow resting on the left thigh ; half-cock, remove the old cap and prime, rise, and return to the ranks.

297. The second man will then be taught what has just been prescribed for the first, and so on through the remainder of the squad

Fire and load lying.

298. In this exercise the squad will be in one rank and loaded: the instruction will be given individually  and without times or motions.

299. The instructor will command:

FIRE AND LOAD LYING.

300. At this command, the man on the right of the squad will and halt he will then bring his piece move forward three paces to all order, drop on both knees, and place himself on the ground flat on his belly. In this position he will support the piece nearly horizontal with the left hand, holding it near the lower band, the butt end of the piece and the left elbow resting on the ground, the barrel uppermost; cock the piece with the right hand, and carry this hand to the. small of the stock; raise the piece with both hands, press the butt against the shoulder, and resting on both elbows, aim and fire.

301. As soon is he has fired, bring the piece down and turn upon his left side, still resting on his left elbow brim, back the piece until the cock is opposite his breast, the butt end resting on the ground; take out a cartridge with the right hand; seize the small of the stock with this hand, holding the cartridge with the thumb and two first fingers he will then throw himself on his back still holding the piece with both hands; carry the piece to the rear, place the butt between the heels, the barrel up, the muzzle elevated. In this position, charge cartridge draw rammer, ram cartridge, and return rammer.

302. When finished loading, the man will turn again upon his left side, remove the old cap and prime, then raise the piece vertically, rise, turn about, and resume his position in the ranks.

303. The second man will be taught what has just been prescribed for the first, and so on throughout the squad.

LESSON VI.- Bayonet Exercise.

304. The bayonet exercise in this book will be confined to two movements, the guard against infantry, and the guard against cavalry. The men will be placed In one rank, with two paces interval, and being at Shoulder arms, the instructor will command:

1. Guard against Infantry. 2. GUARD.

One time and two motions.

soldier at guard against infantry305. (First motion.) Make a half face to the right, turning on both heels, the feet square to each other; at the same time raise the piece slightly, and seize it with the left hand above and near the lower band.

306. (Second motion.) Carry the right foot twenty inches perpendicularly to the rear, the right heed on the prolongation of the left, the knees Slightly bent, the weight of the body resting equally on both legs; lower the piece with. both hands, the barrel uppermost, the, left elbow against the body; seize the piece at the same time with the right hand at the small of the stock, the arms falling naturally, the point of the bayonet slightly elevated.

Shoulder-ARMS.

One time and one motion

Soldier at guard against cavalry307. Throw up the piece with the left band, and place it against the right shoulder, at the same time bring the right heel by the side of the left and face to the front.

1. Guard against Cavalry. 2. GUARD.

One time and two motions.

308. Both motions the same as for guard against infantry, except that the right hand will be supported against the hip, and the bayonet at the hight of the eye, as in charge bayonet.

Shoulder-ARMS.

One time and one motion.

309. Spring up the piece with the left hand and place it against the right shoulder, at the same time bring the right heel by the side of the left, and face to the front.

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