RIFLE AND INFANTRY TACTICS,
REVISED AND IMPROVED
(1862 Hardee)

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Title First, Article First

SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER.

General Rules and division of the School of the Soldier.

SCHOOL OF THE COMPANY.

General Rules and Division of the School of the Company.

INSTRUCTION FOR SKIRMISHERS.

General principles and division of the instruction.

School of the Battalion

Formation of the Battalion

Composition and march of the color-escort

Honors paid to the color

General Rules and Division of the School of the Battalion

FIRST PART.

ARTICLE I.
- Open ranks

ARTICLE II.
- Manual of Arms

ARTICLE III
- Loading at will
- Firing By Company
- Firing By Wing
- Firing By Battalion
- Firing By File
- Firing By Rank
- Firing By Rear Rank

SECOND PART.

ARTICLE I.
- Break by company to the right or to the left.

ARTICLE II.
- Break to the rear, by the right, into column by company
- Break into column by company, to the rear, by the right
- To advance or retire by the right of companies
- To advance or retire by the right of companies
- To form line to the front

ARTICLE III.
- To deploy the battalion into close column
- Remarks on ploying the battalion into column

THIRD PART.

ARTICLE I.
- To march in column at full distance.
- The column arriving in front of the line of battle, to prolong it on this line
- The column arriving behind the line of battle to prolong it on this line
- The column arriving on the right or the left of the line of battle, to prolong it on this line
- Manner of prolonging a line of battle by markers
- Remarks on the march in column

ARTICLE II.
- A column in route
- General remarks on the column in route

ARTICLE III.
- To change direction in column at full distance
- Remarks

ARTICLE IV.
- To halt the column
- Remarks

ARTICLE V.
- To close the column to half distance, or in mass
- To close the column on the eighth, or rearmost company
- Remarks

ARTICLE VI.
- To march in column at half distance, or closed in mass

ARTICLE VII.
- To change direction in column at half distance

ARTICLE VIII.
- To change direction in column closed in mass
- 1st. To charge direction in marching
- 2d To change direction from a halt

ARTICLE IX.
- Being in column at half distance, or closed in mass, to take distances
- 1st. To take distances by the head of the column
- 2d. To take distances on the rear of the column
- 3d. To take distances on the head of the column

ARTICLE X.
- Countermarch of a column at full or half distance
- To countermarch a column closed in mass

ARTICLE XI
- To countermarch a column closed in mass
- Being in column at full or half distance to form divisions
- Remarks on the formation of divisions from a halt

FOURTH PART.
Different modes of passing from the order in column to the order in battle.

ARTICLE I.
- Manner of determining the line of battle

ARTICLE II.
- Different modes of passing from column at full distance into line of battle
- 1st.  Column at full distance, right in front, to the left into line of battle
- 2d.  Column at full distance, on the right (or on the left), into line of battle
- Remarks on the formation on the right, or left, into line of battle
- 3d.  Column at fall distance forward into line of battle
- Remarks on the formation, forward, into line of battle
- 4th.  Column at full distance, faced to the rear, into line of battle

ARTICLE III.
- Formation in line of battle by two movements

ARTICLE IV.
- Different modes of passing from column at half distance, into line of battle
- 1st. Column at half distance, to the left (or right) into line of battle
- 2d Column at half distance, on the right (or left) into line of battle
- 3d. Column at half distance, forward, into line of battle
- 4th. Column at half distance, faced to the rear, into line of battle

ARTICLE V.
- Deployment of columns closed in mass
- Remarks on inversions

FIFTH PART.

ARTICLE I.
- To advance in line of battle
- Point of direction to the right (or left)
- Remarks on the advance in line of battle

ARTICLE II
- Oblique march in line of battle
- Remarks on the oblique march

ARTICLE III.
- To halt the battalion, marching in line of battle, and to align it

ARTICLE IV.
- Change of direction in marching in line of battle

ARTICLE V.
- To march in retreat, in line of battle

ARTICLE VI .
- To halt the battalion marching in retreat, and to face it to the front

ARTICLE VII.
- Change of direction, in marching in retreat

ARTICLE VIII.
- Passage of obstacles, advancing and retreating

ARTICLE IX.
- To pass a defile, in retreat, by the right or left flank

ARTICLE X.
- To march by the flank
- To wheel by file

ARTICLE XI.
- To form the battalion on the right or left, by file, into line of battle

ARTICLE XII.
- Changes of front
- Change of front perpendicularly forward
- Change of front perpendicularly to the rear
- Remarks on changes of front

ARTICLE XIII.
- To deploy the battalion into column doubled on the centre
- Deployment of the double column, faced to the front
- To form the double column into line of battle, faced to the right or left
- Remark on the deployment of the double column

ARTICLE XIV.
- Dispositions against Cavalry - methods to form it into a square
- To reduce the square
- To form square from line of battle
- Observations relative to the formation of squares in two ranks
- Squares in four ranks
- Oblique squares
- Remarks on the formation of squares
- Column against cavalry

ARTICLE XV.
- To rally

ARTICLE XVI.
- Rules for manoeuvring by the rear rank

Remarks on the School of the Battalion